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這是中國名勝英語ppt下載,主要介紹了The travel information of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum;Why the emperor built the architecture;The history of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum,歡迎點擊下載。

The introduction of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The travel information of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Why the emperor built the architecture The history of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The history of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum 2 The protection for Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum What is it known for What does it mean The environment of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The part of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The most famous attractions of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The interesting information of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Beautiful Pictures 1 Beautiful Pictures 2 The travel information of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is located in Nanjing City, the southern foot of the purple mountain Dulong Fu play under Mount Everest, East adjoin the Sun Yat Sen mausoleum, south of Meihua Mountain, Nanjing's largest imperial mausoleum, one of China's largest imperial mausoleum and the world cultural heritage, national key cultural relics protection units, National key scenic name wins the district and national AAAAA level tourist attractions. Why the emperor built the architecture Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is the Ming Dynasty's founding emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and empress Ma burial tomb, because Shi "dutiful kind" queen, named Xiao ling. As the first Chinese Ming Tombs of the Ming Xiaoling magnificent, represents the highest achievements of the early Ming Dynasty architecture and stone carving art, has a direct impact on the shape of Ming and Qing Dynasties 500 years of imperial mausoleum, and in the history of the development of China's mausoleum has a special status, therefore has the reputation of "the Ming and Qing Dynasties first royal mausoleum". The history of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum built in Ming Hong Wu fourteen years (1381), next empress Ma died, was buried September into the tomb, named the "Tomb". Xiaoling, intended to take on the posthumous title, in the words of filial piety, "filial piety", said to be empress Ma posthumous title, "dutiful kind", hence the name. Hongwu thirty-one years (1398), Zhu Yuanzhang died, enabled Palace of the Earth and buried empress ma. To the Ming Yongle eleven years (1413) built "Ming Tomb magic holiness monument", the tomb was built, which lasted more than 30 years. Large-scale, magnificent building, the two generation of the reference shape of Tang and Song Dynasties mausoleum gain. The history of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum 2 Hong Wu sixteen years (1383) completed the tomb of Xiangdian the main project, has called the military 10 million, to Yongle three years (1405) built, which lasted for 25 years. The overall layout is divided into two parts: one is the guiding construction of Shinto, two is the main building of the mausoleum. Hongwu thirty-one years (1398), the 31 year of emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's death, funeral and burial tomb. The protection for Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum The cultural relics department of Nanjing city has invested more than 300 million yuan, the Southeast University experts in ancient architecture protection scheme, according to repair old as the old, on the wall for the maintenance, such as "suture" crack, leveling "wall", on the deformation of the wall for repair and waterproof anti leakage "surgery." In 2008 June, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in Nanjing city next floor with top protection project. May 2012, the city of four square city recovery and top project started. July 2013, the city of four square city and top protection project completion. What is it known for In 1961, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum was announced as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In July 2003, on the 27th session of the World Heritage Convention, the Ming Xiaoling as "Royal Mausoleum of Ming and Qing Dynasty" expansion project has been included in the "World Heritage List" and become a member of the world heritage. Evaluation of the World Heritage Committee: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties according to the theory of Feng Shui, careful site selection, to a large number of buildings cleverly placed in the ground, it is that humans are changing the nature of the product, reflect the traditional architecture and decoration ideas, explains the feudal China continued more than 500 years of world view and the concept of power. Imperial tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are Ming and Qing dynasties emperor mausoleum buildings, according to a strict hierarchy of regulation construction, with a complete, underground construction system, rigorous layout, grand scale, building beautiful, sophisticated technology, embodies the Chinese feudal society, the supreme funeral system. What does it mean Ming Xiaoling changed layout of the tomb of the Tang and Song Dynasties mausoleum, Mausoleum and Taiwan, Katagaki, intrauterine system and cross axis, for the first time according to the layout of the palace building "after the former bedroom" three courtyards of, pioneered the mausoleum building plan was "in front of circle" the basic pattern, and has regulated the after the Ming and Qing Dynasties 500 years more than 20 mausoleum construction regulation. Especially the mausoleum of Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum "sleep after the former" and before and after the three Jinyuan La, reflection is the ritual, but prominent is royal and political. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is one of the existing building the largest ancient imperial tombs, the mausoleum system inherits the and before the Tang and Song Dynasties mausoleum "mountain mausoleum system, and through change the grave mound, creating a mausoleum building" in front of the circle "the basic pattern of. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum construction regulation, has regulated during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, more than 500 years more than 20 mausoleum construction pattern, has a special position in the history of the development of Chinese imperial mausoleum. The environment of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in a beautiful environment, mountains around the ups and downs, water Raoshan ring, cultural and natural landscape of Tiancheng. The cemetery is large-scale, rigorous pattern. Tomb construction since under Mafang to depth 2.62 km, the city, the main building was built with walls around the perimeter of 2.25 kilometers. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum after 600 years of vicissitudes, wood structure of many buildings no longer exists, but mausoleum pattern still retains the original grand style, underground tomb palace intact. Fangcheng, Ming House, Baocheng, Ding in the mausoleum area of the main building and stone, including dismount square, Kinmen, magic Shengde stele, Shinto, and stone road stone and so on, are architectural relics of the Ming Dynasty, to maintain the integrity of the original construction of the tomb of authenticity and spatial layout. The part of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Muqu building divided into two parts: part of the first group of Shinto, dismount from the square, to the main entrance of the tomb. The second group is main part, from the main entrance to Baocheng, Ming House, Chong hill so far. Along the Shinto are as follows: dismount Fang, stele of restraint, Kinmen, magic holiness Beiting monument, Royal Bridge, stone road, stone Wangzhu, generals, Wen Chen, lattice door. Through lingxingmeng off to the northeast, the main part of the cemetery will enter. This is opposite to the Dulong Fu on the north-south axis, in turn, have: Jinshui bridge, civil and military side door, tomb door, Xiaoling palace, red gate, Fangcheng minglou, Ding and other building. The building is prepared according to the axis, reflects the traditional architectural style China. The most famous attractions of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum Harutaka Tang monument, the Royal Pavilion contains five pieces of stone, a carved "median harutaka song" four characters, is the emperor Kangxi in calligraphy. Monument 3.85 meters high, 1.42 meters wide. "Harutaka Tang", is a Song Yang Ming statecraft than Tang Taizong Li Shimin and Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin. As the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi so indiction world, on the one hand, said the he to the emperor of the respect and admiration of Italy, on the other hand also has the good intentions. Kangxi's life in the southern six, five to nine at the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, kneeling for gift. "Long Tang" is he in 1699 (Kangxi 38 years) the third Jiangnan Yeling title, and by Cao Xueqin's grandfather, then "Jiangning weaving" doctor Cao Yinli monument. He's trying to win, to ease the contradiction between Chinese and Manchu, strengthen its rule. We can also see Kangxi's rare gifts and bold strategy. The interesting information of Ming Xiao ling Mausoleum In the late Qing Dynasty, after the door is opened, tourists especially more and more foreign tourists. In these foreigners, some of the apparently like graffiti on the Ming Tomb construction and stone, so that when the local government is very troubling. In view of this situation, the Liangjiang governor took out two "prescription": one is to let the Liangjiang Westernization administration and Jiangning House set up a "state of the six notices tablet" in the Ming Xiaoling, a clear warning quality is not high the foreigner visitors don't Scribble; the second is the Ming Xiaoling Shinto stone all packed into wooden cage. In this way, it will isolate the cultural relics and uncivilized foreign people, no to conveniently doodle destroy the opportunity. Nevertheless, in the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum magic holiness monument, can still see the Russians left the lettering suspected in the late Qing dynasty. Beautiful Pictures 1 Beautiful Pictures 2

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《中國名勝英語ppt》是由用戶huangyixuan于2019-12-07上傳,屬于英語課件PPT。

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